Provided is a video showing the creation of metrics that lead to the best behaviors. This video is an edit of Forrest Breyfogle’s February 9, 2023, presentation at an ASQ Phoenix, AZ, section meeting.
Process metrics need to lead to the most appropriate behaviors. Processes have variability and may or may not have specifications.
Performance measurements for processes need to provide direction to the most appropriate behaviors considering both process variability and any specification that may exist. The output of processes can have both common-cause variability and special-cause variability.
In process metric reporting, typical process variability is separated from unusual events or trends. Traditionally this separation is make using statistical process control (SPC) charts such as x-bar and R charts and p-charts. How a process is performing for an in-control process relative to specifications traditionally involves techniques such as process capability indices.
However, traditional control charting and process capability reporting have mathematical issues. An Integrated Enterprise Excellence (IEE) 30,000-foot-level reporting format addresses these issues. IEE 30,000-foot-level reporting provides both a process stability assessment and predictive statement for stable processes in one chart.
A Laney P’ Chart has advantages over a p-chart but is different and has another objective than a 30,000-foot-level report alternative.
A free app for conducting a process capability study is available. With traditional process capability Cp, Cpk, Pp, and Ppk indices reporting, there are fundamental “elephant in the room” problems that this app resolves.
This process performance and KPI Tracking 2.0 example uses a colleague’s diabetes measurement data to illustrate an enhanced statistical-based process performance and Key Performance Indicator (KPI) tracking methodology that encourages and displays results from process enhancement efforts.
This KPI and process performance metrics example describes an enhanced measurement reporting technique that requires no goal or specification. The described method can provide more insight into what is happening in a process (and what to do differently to improve its response) than ever seen before with a traditional measurement report-out.
This process capability analysis example discusses a Cp, Cpk, Pp, & Ppk (process capability and process performance) index report-out and the advantages of a 30,000-foot-level reporting alternative.
Organizations gain much when tracking a performance measurement using a 30,000-foot-level format, which can often provide a prediction statement.
ASQ Quality Progress January 2017 published article titled “Monitor and Manage: Diabetes measurement tracking at the 30,000-foot-level.” Described is an Integrated Enterprise Excellence (IEE) approach for diabetes measurement tracking and understanding improvement opportunities. Techniques apply to business key performance indicators (KPIs) as well; e.g., in an operational excellence business management system.
For a given process, do you think everyone would create a similar looking control chart and make a comparable statement relative to its control and capability? Not necessarily. Process statements are not only a function of procedural characteristics and sampling chance differences but can also be very dependent upon sampling approach. The implication of this is that one person could describe a process as being out of control, which would lead to activities that immediately address process perturbations as abnormalities, while another person could describe the process as being in control. For this second interpretation, the perturbations are perceived as fluctuations typically expected within the process, where any long-lasting improvement effort involves looking at the whole process. During this session, issues with traditional control charting techniques (e.g., x-bar and R charts) and process capability indices statements (e.g., Cp, Cpk, Pp, and Ppk) will be discussed. An enhanced alternative predictive performance measurement system will then be described that not only provides resolution to these issues but can also provide a predictive statement, which everyone can understand.
This article describes a methodology for tracking a single-process output response over time to determine process stability and then, if the process is stable, provide a prediction statement.